The world has been using
considerable amount of fossil fuels, nuclear power, etc. as the source of
energy. These are known as non renewable resources, and accordingly, it is the
time for all nations to encounter the reality of their limitation and great
contribution to environmental contamination. Moreover, due to the finiteness of
these resources, the price of them fluctuates severely, and often be used as
diplomatic threat. As a result, many nations have begun developing renewable
energy generated from solar, wind, ocean, hydropower, biomass, geothermal
resources, and so on. Nevertheless, due to each nation’s different
environmental condition and financial situation, the international research and
distribution of renewable energy is a question of long standing.
Brazil had used non-renewable energy in a significantly high rate in the past
just as other countries. After experiencing the oil-shock, however, this nation
felt the risk of using such sources as energy. Therefore, they have researched
their all relevant conditions for enhancing renewable energy, and the hydropower
seemed to be appropriate. Eventually, hydropower has taken approximately 80% in
renewable energy generation in Brazil by 2001. Nevertheless, in 2001, Brazil
underwent severe drought, so since then, the government has been developing
other renewable resources such as wind, bio ethanol, solar, and so on.
Therefore, the delegate of
Brazil suggests the future oriented measures to address international research
and distribution of renewable energy; expand tax reduction for domestic
renewable energy R department, universalize smart grid, construct
international cooperation system for renewable energy development.
First, Brazil recommends expanding
tax reduction for each nation’s domestic renewable energy R&D field.
Economic Promotion Programme by the Brazilian Government in 2015 (PAC) reported
that in order to activate PROINFA, which is wind and biomass development
program, Brazilian government has given incentives and tax reduction to the
corporations that research renewable energy. For instance, in the north and
northeast regions, biodiesel manufacturers that currently rely on castor can be
exempt from social security taxes such as PIS and COFINS according to the
government policy. This exemption triggered vitalized R&D along with
variety of technologies, and nurturing a professional workforce. Additionally,
it increased the wind power improvement by 5.4%. Since each government has
limitation on researching such energy, using this policy, private corporations
can supply research demand.
Second, smart grid generalization
is needed. Although Brazil generates considerable amount of energy from
renewable resources, because of substandard electricity supply and transmission
infra, this nation creates approximately 10billion barrel loss annually.
However, with smart grid, this kind of situation can be solved. Smart grids
represent a new era in the electrical sector, as we go from static one-way
management to dynamic two-way management. This increases efficiency and energy
savings. It also decreases the amount of electric outages. Unfortunately,
Brazil and many other countries lacks the smart grid system, while some
developed countries already utilize it. So, countries which possess good
improvement of this system should aid other countries so that smart grid
generalization can be accomplished.
Finally, the world should
construct international cooperation system for renewable energy development.
Although the environmental condition to develop renewable energy is prepared,
due to the financial difficulties, developing countries have a hard time in
researching and generalization of renewable energy. Therefore, in order to
accomplish international distribution of such energy, this committee should
consider constructing international cooperation system so that developed
countries can aid developing countries. Brazil is well known for having
abundant amount of sunshine thanks to the near location with equator and tropic
of capricorn. However, before 2000s, Brazil had to rely upon hydropower energy
significantly because of economical problem; the cost of initial improvement of
solar energy was expensive. Accordingly, this nation decided to interact with
the Republic of Korea and many other nations for the efficient research on
solar energy. On this account, Brazil was able to surpass Chile with the amount
of solar energy generation in 2016, and now expecting additional installation
which runs to 3.4GW by 2018. As this instance proves, the delegate of Brazil
highly recommends constructing international cooperation system for renewable