Robots can be considered as one of the greatest artwork of
humans. Unlike in the beginning, now they are capable of doing many things.
Almost since the beginning robots had been a very useful thing. Some of their
great advantages are given below.
Help given on authorities to
track down criminals and danger through surveillance bots.
In building prosthetic limbs
for the disabled with developed functionalities
Collect data from places
where humans can’t reach. Example; to get temperature reports from an active
volcano and predict the future for the public.
Even though people get a lot of advantages through them, still
the public sometimes forget that their Ethical principles are being violated
without their knowledge. As I mentioned in the section 1 about the ethical
issues, now let’s critically identify their problem.
What is human dignity and respect? It means individual right for
every human to own his/her own unique value and honor. This is major area which
is effected due to robotics. With the help of the algorithms and logic given to
robots through artificial intelligence they are now able to think suitably and
act. When this technology rises to a level where robots can totally think
autonomously what is the use of humans spending years for higher education,
degrees and experiences? This will neglect the human dignity and respect
clearly. People might choose the faster the better way unlike going through
traditions. For example, if robots are built to uplift the medical field and f
people also prefer more to go to them, then what will happen to the all that
time and money of doctors who spent half of their life in Universities to get
the respect of a doctor. This clearly violates articles number 23, 18 and 19
from UDHR and 9, 18 articles from ECHR
Rising of robot companions is now becoming a head lifting
ethical issues in the world which effect to the privacy and security of
citizens in the world. Currently there are many Virtual Assistants like Google
assistant which is developed by google available in the different devices all
around the world. Once when these upgrade to a suitable standard they would be
installed in robots. Even now there are limited number of robots with those
features. If people get addicted to this technology they would go behind all
these new tech. Then comes questions like what if someone is spying on us using
them? or what if they able to crack down password by connecting to home
networks? And if so happens and then someone get blackmailed then it would
clearly violate UDHR articles related to privacy and security such as 23, 18,
19 and 12.
War is a crisis situation in the
world today. This had caused lots of innocent lives to end up dead resulting in
many bad consequences. This had to be stopped soon but stronger the war become
more the sacrifices had to be done. But as a solution robots were introduced to
battlefield. But is this ethical to use them in war. Unlike a loss of a human
life it would not affect much when a robot is destroyed because they can be
designed again. But if a robot gets hacked since they are connected to internet
to have remote access what will happen to the classified information on it? If
the enemies get hands on them, they might override data and the worse thing is
that they might get to know about mission plan. If the enemies are highly
trained with these technologies, they might be able to turn enemy robots into
their side which would directly effect on the national security and the trust
people have about government and their plans.