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Plagiarism is the uses of someone
else work and authored it as one’s own work. 
In a school environment, it is basically the use of someone else
research or publication either a book or even an article on a review without
mentioning him or her as if it was the student’s own ideas or work. Per Roig
and DeTommaso, 1991, stated in their research that Plagiarism is an act of
academic dishonesty and cheating. They also stated that there are many factors
that lead to these dishonesties. It is one of
the primary problems in academic life and it is a simple subject to draw, but
badly to keep off. Plagiarism has become one of the major issues among
university students around the world. It is one type of academic misconduct
which, is treated seriously in today’s universities.  Plagiarism is something that is
not valued, ignores, or excused in any part of the education process. Either is
it supported in whatever type of assignment. Plagiarizing does not only steal
someone else’s work; it also robs students from the learning experience that
they can earn on the assignment. It promotes laziness and shortcut that can be
bad for the school environment. Plagiarism can affect a school badly because it
will give the school bad names and downgrade it prestige.

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First, it is believed that the issue of plagiarism may affect
the corporate image of an institution of higher education. It is very important
to study the relationship and impact of plagiarism in higher education to
sustain organizational performance and to generate high-quality and morale of
students. Plagiarism can be an enormous problem in much higher educational
integrity. Academic dishonesty can lesson a degree earned from a higher
establishment and may prevent a graduate student from being hired for a job or
accepted into a graduate course of work.  For illustration, per An Economic Analysis of
Academic Dishonesty and Its Deterrence in Higher Education written by Stephen
K. Happen and Marianne M. Jennings, stated in a survey that 56 % of
students in Pennsylvania and Rutger universities admitted that they took note
in their exam hall by engaging in another pattern of cheating. Examples of
plagiarism like these can make it difficult for universities to rebuild their
reputations.

Secondly,
plagiarism robs the students of the learning experience they could learn on the
assignment. In fact, the main purpose of an assignment is to test the level of
comprehension of a given subject. It is not only a test for the teacher, but
for the student as well to know what he has learned and where can he work more
to get some more improvement. Also, the progress is made only when the mind is
stretched towards a process of improving. Etc. Per an article called “The
effect of anomie of academic dishonesty among university students”, (1995;
Davis. Et all., 1995) stated that even though academic dishonesty is spreading
fast among universities, some academic staffs are reluctant to report offenders
and let the system deal with their case, but they decide to use academic
dishonesty code. There are a lot of professors in school that will not report
their student because they themselves are ashamed of what will happen.
According to (McCabe, 1993), this code has been successful all through the
years since and many universities are still using it today to catch students
who plagiarize or cheat.  Even though
this code is successfully all around the world in identifying plagiarism, many
higher educational institutions still suffer greatly because of plagiarism. Plagiarism,
destroy many academic purity and the learning environment, in which the incident
happens always gets affected.

The
web also gives student easy pass to plagiarize and it also makes it easy for
schools to easily detect plagiarism. According to (Lyon, Barrett, and Malcolm
2006) finding the source of suspected plagiarism were once difficult, but the
Internet allows suspicious student writing to be more quickly compared to other
sources using a standard internet search engine, leaving the detection of
suspicious writing as the principal challenge. Because of this, many companies
and academic researchers develop the Turnitin software to help easily catch in
fraud. This Turnitin compares students’ papers with other sources online to see
if it matches, then outline all the related sources that were used in that
paper. According to Kraemer from their article Does the adoption of plagiarism-detection software in higher education reduces
plagiarism? Reports data obtained using software by Turnitin.com compares
student papers against a large number of sources, including peer-reviewed
articles, web pages, and textbooks and so on. Many higher institutions use this
software to help them easily detect plagiarism in many schools and it has been
successful so far.

Furthermore,
plagiarism can cause a lack of trust from higher institutions wanting to cooperate
with the school where the plagiarism took place. These institutions will not want
to admit students from that school. There is always a lack of trust between
teachers and students when this happens. These universities always suffer
because consumers or companies wouldn’t want to cooperate with them. Many of
these companies will stop offering accommodation services from universities and
they will believe that the school was not firm enough on the code for
plagiarism to have happen. Many universities may suffer from functional image, which
is about behaviors based on functional activities carried out by profit
enterprises. Many companies may refuse to help these schools because of the
incident. Per Lukashenko, Anohina and Grundspenkis in their 2007 article stated
that plagiarism reduces the value of a qualification conversed by the
educational institution. They said that it also demotivates other students to
do their work independently and they will want to copy instead of doing
assignments by themselves. Plagiarism, make institution to make difficult decisions
that can hurt students involve in academic dishonesty, and the higher
institution in a long run.There are a lot of plagiarism cases here in the
United State because of the diversity here.

Finally,
many student come from different countries and their ways of learning might be
different from the ways of those here. According to the article Cultural Values, Plagiarism, and
Fairness: When Plagiarism Gets in the Way of Learning
In relation to the literature that
has considered why students plagiarize, Carroll (2002) suggested that as most
students are unsure what plagiarism is, they do not plagiarize on purpose.
Higher institutions here in the United State now look more into the case of
plagiarism because they’re different cultures in this country. For instance,
china and student from Asia have similar ways of studying and that alone make
lots of schools here to reconsider how to hurdle plagiarism case. So, plagiarism
affects higher institution greatly and it damages school reputations and image.

 

References

Roig, Miguel, and LAUREN DETOMMASO. “Are
College Cheating and Plagiarism Related to Academic Procrastination?” Psychological
Reports 77.2 (1995): 691-98. Web.

 Happel, Stephen K., and Marianne
M. Jennings. “An Economic Analysis of Academic Dishonesty and Its
Deterrence in Higher Education.” Journal of Legal Studies Education25.2
(2008): 183-214. Web.

Caruana, Albert, B. Ramaseshan, and Michael T. Ewing. “The Effect of
Anomie on Academic Dishonesty among University Students.” International
Journal of Educational Management 14.1 (2000): 23-30. Web.

Mccabe, Donald L. “Faculty
Responses to Academic Dishonesty: The Influence of Student Honor Codes.” Research in Higher Education 34.5 (1993): 647-58. Web.

Youmans,
Robert J. “Does the Adoption of Plagiarism-Detection Software in Higher
Education Reduce Plagiarism?.” Studies in Higher Education, vol. 36,
no. 7, Nov. 2011, pp. 749-761. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1080/03075079.2010.523457.