Oleic acid (OA, cis-9 C18:1) is a monounsaturated fatty acid (MUFA) and an abundant average by 48% of most fatty acids. OA is the predominant component in olive oil by (70%-80%) and can be extracted from peanut and its products. Researches indicate that the MUFA-rich diet has protective effects on cardiovascular risk and diabetes 18, 19.
Alkyd resins are highly branched polymer with a polyester backbone which considered as one of the important class of synthetic polymers 20. They are thermoplastic polyester resins can be synthesized by polycondensation 21 of three types of monomers of polyhydric alcohols (polyol: glycol, glycerol), dibasic acids (isomers of phthalic acid) or their anhydrides (phthalic anhydride) or polybasic acids and fatty acids 22-24. They can be dissolved in organic solvents and have good interactions with polar substrates such as wood and steel 25. They have excellent properties such as acceptable, inexpensive to produce, high gloss, retention color, dissolved in organic solvents, excellent thermal stability, eco-friendly, excellent wetting properties, good adhesion and good interactions with polar substrates such as wood and steel 26, 27. These properties make them suitable for industrial coating applications, adhesives, the binder for composites and anticorrosion paint. Bio-alkyd resin contains reactive sites such as carbon-carbon double bond, a polar ester group, methylene group attached to the carbonyl site, allylic methylene attached to double bond 28.