Name: David Cooper
Date: 10/25/18
Section: BIBL 104 –D68 LUO
Step One: For this character-sketch Bible study I will be studying: Samson
Step Two: Identify and list all the Bible passages on the person. You may find it helpful to use a Bible dictionary, Bible handbook, or a study Bible. Remember that some Old Testament characters are mentioned in the New Testament. 
Bible: (English Standard Version)
Judges 13:1-16:31
Numbers 6:1-21  
Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary
Judges 13:1-16:31
Hebrews 11:32
Easton’s Illustrated Bible Dictionary
Judges 13-16
Bible: American Standard Version
Judges 13:24-16:30
Hebrews 11:32
Step Three: Read through each passage, making general observations based on first impressions. List (in complete sentences) at least 10 general observations from the Bible passages on your Character.

Samson was chosen by God to be a Nazirite from the womb. (Judges 13:9)
As stated in the Nazirite Vow, Sampson could not drink wine and strong drink, eat nothing unclean, not cut his hair, go near a dead body (Numbers 6:1-21 ; Judges 13:4-7)
Samson has disobeyed the Nazirite vow, “he shall not go near a dead body” (Numbers 6:6) and Samson ate honey out of the carcass of a lion. (Judges 14:9)
Samson enjoyed telling riddles. (Judges 14:12)
Samson is easily angered. (Judges 14:19)
Samson was strong, he struck 1,000 men with a donkey jawbone. (Judges 15:15-16)
Samson was the judge of Israel for twenty years. (Judges 15:20)
Samson lost all of his strength and the Lord left him when Delilah cut his hair. (Judges 16:20)
Sampson killed 3,000 men and women in his death, which is more than he had killed during his life. (Judges 16:27-31)
Samson is known for enforcing justice, obtained promises, stopped the mouths of lions, and was made strong out of weakness. (Hebrews 11:32-35)
Step Four: Ask the key questions and observe other structural or grammatical Elements. 
Observations related to “Who?” 
Samson was an Israelite who was chosen to be a Nazirite from birth. Samson had a gift of physical strength. Samson slayed 1,000 Philistines with the jawbone of an animal. Samson was attracted to Philistine women: the first being the Philistine woman of Timnah who he attempted to marry and was later given to Samson’s best man, second in Gaza who was a prostitute, and lastly Delilah from Valley of Sorek who would eventually betray him. Samson would call out to God just one last time for his strength and killed 3,000 men and women while he was “entertaining” the Philistines. Samson was a biblical judge in Israel for twenty years. In the end Samson broke all three of the Nazirite vows: 1-do not touch or eat anything “unclean” and Samson ate honey out of the carcass of a lion and touched a donkey jawbone when slaying 1,000 men, 2- do not drink wine or other fermented drink and Samson participated in a drinking fest, 3-do not cut your hair and Samson’s head was shaved.

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Observations related to “What?” 
Lion in the vineyard:
Wedding banquet riddle ; 300 foxes:
Slaying 1,000 Philistines with donkey jawbone:
Prostitute in Gaza:
Delilah shaving his head:
Killing 3,000 Philistines in his death:
Observations related to “Where?” 
Valley of SorekDagons Temple
Observations related to “When?” 
Observations related to “Why?” 
 Step Five: Construct a timeline that details the life of your Bible personality. 
(In this space you will need to construct a timeline of Samson’s Life) 
Step Six: Determine what Biblical wisdom can be gained from this character. Carefully look through your general observations based on your first impressions, your deeper study, and your timeline. What biblical wisdom can you gather about your character? Write out five elements of Biblical wisdom that can be understood from your character. Provide a concise explanation of each of these elements. 
Step Seven: Ask, “How does this character’s life reflect other truths found in the Scriptures?” List and explain 3 truths from this person’s life that fit within all of the Bible. Your explanation must note how these truths fit the framework of God’s Word. 
Step Eight: Ask, “How does this character’s life point me to Jesus?” List and explain 3 ways the life of your character can point to the person and work of Jesus Christ. 
Samson’s humiliation and death’s victories over enemies
Philistines with the jawbone
Philistines and their gates
Philistines in death  
 Samson’s wife 
Step Nine: What points of application can be made using the Four Common Questions? List and explain 1 point of application for each of the Four Common Questions. 
The question of duty 
The question of character 
The question of cause 
The question of discernment 
Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary. B;H Publishing Group, 2003.

Easton’s Illustrated Bible Dictionary. WORDsearch Corp., 2008.

MATRIC NO : 2015429112
GROUP : HS 241 6A
TEST NO : 2 DATE: 9th APRIL 2018


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First and for all, a network stands for the communication devices, media and software which required to connect two or more computers systems in order to share the resources such as printers and scanners, exchange files or to expedite the communication. Those computers can be linked together either through cables, telephone lines, radio waves, and satellites or infrared light beams. (“What is a Network,” n.d.). However, the computers must be positioned in the same area that the network covers.
There are two common types of networks which are usually used: 1) Local Area Network (LAN) that spans a relatively small geographic distance and 2) Wide Area Network (WAN) that spans a large geographic distance. The discussion below will explain more detailed on the Local Area Network (LAN) and also the strengths and weaknesses of all the topologies under the LAN.

LAN is a computer network that confined relatively small area for examples home, office, library, school and airport and it may be either wired or wireless. It is set up by a higher data transfer rate and smaller physical area of coverage. The computers which link to this network are classified as servers or workstations. (“What is a Network,” n.d.).
There are varieties of topologies set under the LAN and every one of them has their strengths and weaknesses. The topology meanwhile is defined as the layout or arrangement of devices on a network (physical topology) and the way information is passed between the computers (logical topology). (“LAN Network,” n.d.).
The major topologies of LAN include: 1) Bus topology, 2) Ring topology, 3) Star topology, 4) Mesh topology, 5) Hybrid topology and 6) Tree topology. (“LAN Topologies,” 2010). The terminal for each network is arranged in manner recommended by their names as shown in Figure 1.

Figure 1: Different types of LAN topologies

1) Bus Topology
Bus topology is among the simplest and most widely used design which consists of one continuous length of cabling or trunk and a terminator at each end as displayed in Figure 2. (“LAN Topologies,” 2010). The data communications message travels along the bus in both directions until it is picked up by a workstation or server. If the message unrecognized or missed, it will reach the end of the cabling and will disseminate at the terminator.

Strengths and Weaknesses of Bus Topology
As for the strengths, bus topology is best suited for small networks of two to five computers with all nodes (computers) have equal access to the trunk. It is also easily installed due to one cable segment of trunk; therefore, the amount of transmission media needed can be minimized. Furthermore, the cost is very less because this topology only requires less cable length compared to other topologies. (“Advantages and Disadvantages,” n.d.).
For the weaknesses, if there is a break in the main cable, the entire network shuts down as it is heavily dependent on the central bus. (“LAN Network,” n.d.). If the main cable is damaged in its path, then it will cause the network to stop working or at the very least, cause a big communication problems between the workstations in which those problems seem difficult to identify and to troubleshoot. As the cable length is limited, the numbers of network nodes that can be connected also limited and when the number of devices connected increases, the efficiency of the network will decreases. The other weakness is it possesses a security risk as every devices connected to the network can sees all the data being transmitted. (“Advantages and Disadvantages,” n.d.).

2) Ring Topology
The physical ring topology is a circular loop of point to point links with no terminated end. The messages travel around the loop in one direction and pass through every computer, which acts as a repeater to boost the messages and send it to the next computer. Each device has its own address and if the address does not match, the device will simply regenerates the message and sends it on its way. However, if the address is match, the device or node will accepts the message and sends a reply to the primary sender. (“LAN Topologies,” 2010).

Strength and Weaknesses of Ring Topology
Ring topology is easy to troubleshoot, to identify faults, to add or to remove network nodes because the process involves only two connections and each device incorporates a repeater. The data transmission is at high speed with each node has the opportunity to transmit it making ring topology as an organized network and also central server is not needed to manage connectivity between the nodes.
Ring topology also has its limitation. The information send from one node to another node has to pass through all the intermediate nodes, which makes the transmission becomes slower and suddenly decrease if the number of nodes increases. Also, ring topology is difficult to install and reconfigure as it required more media and any failure, movement or changes occur in any nodes can affect the entire network. (“Advantages and Disadvantages,” n.d.).

3) Star Topology
The star topology uses a central controlling hub with dedicated legs pointing in all directions like a star as shown in Figure 4. Each node connected directly to the central network hub which controls all functions of the network including receiving and transmitting signals. The data is passes through the hub before continuing to its destination. (“LAN Topologies,” 2010).

Strength and Weaknesses of Star Topology
The advantages of this topology are any failure in one computer will not affect other computers as only the failed computer unable to send or receive data. The remaining of the network still performs and functions normally. Moreover, it possesses least security risk as their configuration and data do not need to pass through many nodes. It is also easy to fault and troubleshoots the network. However, failure in central hub leads to failure of the entire network. The set up cost is also expensive compared to bus topology due of the cost of the hub and more cable needed. (“Topology,” n.d.). The nodes to the network can be added, however, it depends on the capacity of the central hub can hold. (“Advantages and Disadvantages,” n.d.).

4) Mesh Topology
The mesh topology uses a dedicated link between every device on the network. (“LAN Topologies,” 2010). Each computer is connected to every other computer by a separate cable thus providing redundant paths through the network.

Strength and Weaknesses of Mesh Topology
The mesh topology has its backup capabilities by providing multiple paths through the network in order to transmit information and also heavy traffic can be control. It is also easy to troubleshoot due to each link is independent from all others. Based on the arrangement of the network nodes, it is possible to transfer the data from one node to another node at the same times. The failure in any nodes also will not affect the entire network as there is another alternate path for data transmission.
However, the set up and maintenance cost is expensive due to a lot of cabling is need. The redundancy also cannot be control and it is not very practical as excessive waste of transmission media happen. Moreover, the speed of communication becomes slower if the number of devices increase. (“Advantages and Disadvantages,” n.d.).?
5) Hybrid Topology
Hybrid topology combines two or more topologies in order to form a complete network. For example, a hybrid topology could be the combination of a star, ring and tree topologies that is commonly used. By combining some of the characteristics of the pure network topologies, a more useful result can be obtained. (“LAN Topologies,” 2010).

Strengths and Weaknesses of Hybrid Topology
The main advantage of hybrid topology is that two different topologies can be combined without disturbing the existing architecture of a network. The use
of this topology makes a network easily expandable. Unlikely, any breaks of the backbone line will shuts down the entire segments.

6) Tree Topology
Tree topology is also known as hierarchical topology which combines the characteristics of bus and star topologies. It consists of groups of star-configured computers connected to the bus backbone cable which allows for the expansion of an existing network and enables building such as schools to configure a network to meet their needs.

Strength and Weaknesses of Tree Topology
This topology is useful in cases where a star or bus cannot be implemented individually. It is most suited in networking multiple departments such as in university or corporation where each unit functions separately and is connected with the main node. The failures of one star segment also will not affect the remaining network and it can be expanded by the addition of secondary nodes depend on the capacity of central bus and cable type. However, any breaks of the backbone line (bus) will shuts down the entire segments. The maintenance and configuration is difficult owing to its size and complexity. The overall length of each segment is also restricted by the type of cable used. (“Advantages and Disadvantages,” n.d.).

As for conclusion, different types of topologies of the LAN had their own strengths and weaknesses. Therefore, in order to choose the best topologies to be set up in your area, some considerations must be taken that include money, length of cable needed, future growth and types of cable. For example, bus topology may be the least expensive way to install a network due to shorter lengths of cable used, so concentrators are unnecessary but it have limited number of devices that can be linked. Expanding a network is easily done if star topology is set up.


Chapter 1: What is a Network?. (n.d.). Retrieved from

Chapter 5: Topology. (n.d.). Retrieved from

LAN Topologies. (2010). Retrieved from

LAN Network Topologies. (n.d.). Retrieved from

Advantages and Disadvantages of Different Network Topologies (n.d.). Retrieved from

Name :Reem Emad ElsragyID; OPCF12-019 Oman medical collage
4th year pharmaceutical management
Topic : Applications of marketing research
APPLICATIONS OF MARKETING RESEARCH is the product which is going to be marked should be researched to meet several goals for example, design of innovative product or old product that already happens to have approved strength market research, and line extension . The APPLICATIONS OF MARKETING RESEARCH is divided to
Strategic 2. Tactical
The strategic include segmentation forecasting for sales forecasting, segmentation studies, target markets for a new or old product is known , and positioning strategies identification.

Tactical the applications which the product is applied for product testing, pricing, advertising and promotional research, as well as distribution and logistics related research studies.

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Application of marketing
1-Pricing Research
The pricing is provided by strong pricing research. Research of pricing help to choose the product which haves the best features configuration in the right market positioning opportunities. quantitative method is used as well as qualitative.
2-Product Research
Used for product that are newly design and market validation research, or by assessing old product that has been in the market for a while. optimal strange and line extension potential are checked annually . 
Marketing size
Product category attitude and usages trend
Marketing opportunity research
Ideal generation
Create refined concept
Concept testing research
Brand equality
3-Concept Testing
Advertising concepts, new product concepts, and affordable, pricing, brand concepts, brand names, and positioning strategy concepts is checked first then concentrate on developing than screening. developing which require for exploratory market research, both tangible attribute clusters, and emotional appeals are taken in concern when creating concepts
4-Positioning Research
market creative branding and positioning research can be defined and enter with a strong positioning strategy. At the beginning it is needs to make market positioning concept , potential markets, and current
5-Marketing Due Diligence
it is used to remove the least attractive prospects and to enable early planning of post-merger integration. And to reduce some major risks such as losing customers through duplication or defections.
6-Customer Satisfaction Research
Qualitative research shows how the customers make the purchase and repeat purchase decisions.

7-Brand Equity Research
It study the effect of both depth and breadth of the brand power in the target markets. Both standard and custom-tailored brand equity survey measurements are used in this research
8-Advertising Research
specific advertising goals and the stage of ad development, or campaign based on these the advertising design is done. Advertising research techniques include ad recall surveys and message
9-Market Segmentation
It is important for maintaining focus and delivers needed of the costumer for marketing information. where there is new products and markets categories that keep on emerging every day and the traditional market segments decreasing
10-Sales Analysis
It is the initial step in product and brand analysis. marketing analysis data taking out effort searches for meaning and insight among the stacks of sales data and marketing data. this is an importance tool for targeting the best customers, find which advertising and promotion methods are most efficient and effective.

Methods of Types of Marketing Research
Initially this is done to have information, idea and understanding the problem before the research is done. Most of the exploratory is qualitative than quantitative .as well as conclusive evidence and subsequent research are not needed
Diagnosing a Situation: when companies have got problems and they are unable and unclearly know how to define it .
Screening Alternatives: there is many options, but the company is unable to take them all due to finance restrictions
Uncovering New Ideas: due to the new product the costumer is unable to choose what they need
It is done when there is some comprehension of the problem. The objectives are decided , and the research questions are formulated. Usually the consumer profiling and market segmentation are required.

It is also known as causal research
It illustrated the relationship between the cause and effect. exploratory and descriptive research are required in this research due to that, a lot of information is going to be gathered on the topic.


Name: Kareem Tinto
Student I.D.: 816005892
Name of tutor &
Tutorial Class: Dr. Patrick Campbell: Fridays 2-3pm
Session number: No.2

Session date: September 12 th
, 2018
Session topic: Scientific Methods

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Generally, I am a very open minded individual who loves learning. Signing up for this
foundation course, I was of the opinion that I would have learnt key terms, jargons,
approaches, techniques and grammatical rules that would aid in the composition of
writing about science. In the main, I was not aware of the offerings of this course and
after the first session I understood that this course is way different to the other writing
foundation courses that I would have done and that gave guidelines on how writing in
that field should be done. After obtaining a better understanding of the significance
and difference between Science and Technology, I immediately realised that my
perceptions of the terms in the past were not completely accurate from a holistic scope.
When I reflect on the concept of Science and Technology, I realise that both are
essentially centred around understanding and application of knowledge in a natural
environment and an environment constructed by man. For example, in the case of
Science versus Technology, it dictates that science deals with the natural world,
public universal knowledge and it is understanding oriented. Whilst on the other hand,
technology deals with the man-made world, public and private knowledge and it is
application oriented. (Dr. Omah-Mahraj, 2018). As I reflect on this very simple peace
of information I was made so much more aware of the difference between both terms

and was able to understand that science is not only about experiments and different
chemicals in conical flasks and other scientifically named instruments but also geared
towards understanding what is known or what has to be known (discovery). Before
this course, I looked at science and technology from a narrow viewpoint. Science, for
me, was about chemistry, biology and physics whilst technology was merely about
computers, software, applications and smart devices. Having learnt of the differences
between science and technology, I was able to appreciate that in order to benefit from
any scientific work weather solely scientific or technological, a process must be
involved. I am an auditory learner and though I try to pay utmost attention in lectures
to capture as much information as possible, I also solidify my learning experience
with videos.
The scientific method is said to be a set of procedures that scientists follow to gain
knowledge about the world. (, 2013, 0:23). Further, I was able to
comprehend the process associated in the scientific method which includes but not
limited to the given order therein. The method includes the posing of a question where
the proposed problem can be solved. This then leads to a hypothesis, where in general,
the answer to the question posed is contained therein and also referred to as
predictions. To test the hypothesis, what follows, is experimentation designed in such
a way, so as to prove or disprove the hypothesis. From the experiment, observation
becomes another integral process as it captures data based on what transpires in the
experiment through the medium of senses or scientific equipment. Having attained
data from the observations of the experiment, the said data must then be analysed and
compared to the results attained in keeping with the predictions made in the
hypothesis. Thereafter, a conclusion must be drawn which would sum up findings and
indicate whether or not the initial hypothesis was true or not by the observations made

and data gathered. (, 2013, 0:49). Having attained this in depth
understanding of the scientific process, I was compelled to make some comparison to
the accounts of other scientific sources. The core approach to any problem solving in
biology and other sciences is called the scientific method. (Khan, 2008). The process
varies a little according to their account, in that, it starts with an observation, then the
asking of a question, to the forming of a hypothesis, unto making predictions based on
the hypothesis, which leads to the testing of the hypothesis and ends with using the
results to make new hypotheses or predicts. (Khan, 2008). This seemed a bit
confusing to me at first but what I did as a Language major, was to compare the
interpretation of language across regions to this same scientific method and suddenly I
realised the similarity to process. In my mind’s eye, I have concluded that
interpretation of the process is what makes the difference or rather what creates
variety in the process which in general, is pretty much the same. For example, with
Spanish, persons living in Mexico would speak differently to persons living in
Colombia. Though they share the commonality of Spanish being their native language.
Similar too, in an English speaking environment Trinidadians speak in a different
manner to that of Jamaicans though there is the common ground of English as the
native language. Lastly, If I were to do an interpretation from English to Spanish
about the Scientific Method, the message would be relayed accurately yes, however,
the choice of vocabulary would be a bit different taking into account, context, cultural
difference and any other difference that would go with the territory. Literal
interpretations tend to convey a different message and can cause miscommunication
and result in problems. These three examples to me exemplify what actually happens
in the scientific method across the varied fields of science.
According to material covered in lecture, science in an attempt to uncover truths about

the natural world through the elimination of personal biases, emotions and false
beliefs, the question of whether science is objective or subjective to must be
understood. For me, reflecting on this, I never really gave consideration those
questions since, as human beings we do make choices from all of the above factors of
human emotion and moral. This session allowed my already existing open minded
personality to expand even further as I was able to appreciate that in order to
scientifically attain truth for any given problem, the way one thinks or the knowledge
one posses influences the outcome. Subjective and Objective thinking is actively
involved in the same scientific method mentioned above. Further, this scientific
process encapsulates three core methods of the approach that embodies inductive,
deductive and hypothetico reasoning. Each of which is highly reliant on observations
and associated with the proving of any hypothesis in the scientific method. (Dr.
Omah-Maharaj, 2018). Okay, all these terminologies though very familiar, I was not
able to explain when asked in the lecture session. I was able to capture in the simplest
terminology that each had the following meaning: Inductive reasoning involves
making a simple observation that later derives a more complex theory without having
obligation to confirm it. Deductive reasoning is a general rule that applies to a specific
case that is already known and uses that information to form testable predictions
whilst observing results to ascertain its validity or invalidity to the predictions made.
Lastly, hypotetico reasoning is enshrined on the ideas that inductive reasoning is not
completely accurate since no amount of evidence gathered for any particular case
nullifies the existence of evidence contrary to that which has been investigated.A
major aspect of hypotetico reasoning is particularly attributed to falsification. (Dr.
Omah-Maharaj, 2018). In my personal life, I can see how all three apply to
personality traits of various persons I interact with. This area really intrigued me

because I like to class myself as a deep thinker. Growing up I was very quiet and
timid and as society classes it, I was introverted. During this period of introversion, I
observed a lot of things inclusive of behavioural traits of those around me both being
immediate and distant. As I grew older, I became more and more outgoing and less
quiet. Again, as society labelled it, I was extroverted. I began to socialise more,
engage persons more and generally do things that I would not have done as an
introverted person. Learning these three methods of thinking, I am compelled to study
them at a deeper level. Naturally, I am always fascinated by what people do, the
thought process behind what they do and the type of interactions and relations that we
have with each other as human beings. Learning these will most definitely help me in
understanding people more, give me an even more open-minded approach to life and
ultimately, make me aware of the varied methods of approach that one can take in the
problem solving.
Ideally, I was tremendously surprised to learn that there exist so much in the world of
science and technology and the scientific method that goes along with the process of
solving any problem, situation, research or inquiry. Who would have ever thought that
science was linked to knowledge of the natural world? I for one did not have that
ideology. It is really interesting when one can be enlightened because with knowledge
comes understanding, which brings enlightenment, which brings power that aids one
to capitalise on opportunity and ultimately aids in the development of competence.
Session two would have been concluded and though in the two-hour session, I did not
leave as an expert on the given topic covered, I left with a peaked interest to learn
more of the topic and due to the resources online for the course and other external
resources, I was able to solidify concepts that I would have been introduced to in the
lecture session.

Reference list

Bypass Publishing (2013, December 10). Problem Solving: Inductive and Deductive
Reasoning Video file . Retrieved from

FreeSchool (2016, April 16). The Steps of Scientific Method for Kids- Science for
Children: FreeSchool Video file . Retrieved from

Khan Academy (2018). Biology and the Scientific Method. Retrieved from

Dr. Omah-Maharaj. (2018, September 12). Lecture Two: Scientific Methods Retrieved
Sprouts. (2017, October 5 ). The Scientific Method: Steps, Examples, Tips and
Exervise Video file . Retrieved from (2013, December 31). The Scientific Method: Steps, Terms and Examples
Video file . Retrieved from