Introduction

            Outsourcing has become a very
controversial issue more recently in the United States.  As the global economy has continued to grow
it has created more opportunities and incentives for the outsourcing of
American jobs to foreign countries around the world.  The majority of companies in the United States
have felt some effect of the outsourcing that is taking place.  The American based company Emerson Automation
Solutions is beginning to outsource more jobs and it can lead to multiple
benefits and advantages for the company as a whole.  But the company is faced with a multitude of
disadvantages along with ethically based dilemmas when it comes to making the
decision to outsource.

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Advantages
of Global Outsourcing

            The main advantage to
the United States companies outsourcing is that they can reduce costs by having
their manufacturing and assembly done overseas where the cost of labor is significantly
less than the cost of having it done in the United States . Theses lower costs in
turn  improve profit margins for
companies which benefits the company as a whole.  While reducing costs remains the main benefit
of outsourcing, access to industry experts is another advantage.   In the
United States it is often much more costly to  retain a United States  industry expert.  A very competent industry expert can now be
obtained who works from an overseas location for a more reasonable cost because
the cost of living in these other countries is much lower than it is here in
the united states.  To have industry
experts based in the united states would require much larger compensation from
a company. Not only because they require a larger salary but because they would
have to travel to foreign facilities where there may be trouble interoperating
the local dialects.  Therefore creating
even more of a disadvantage.  But if you
could pay someone in another country with the same qualification less for their
expertise while being able to do a more proficient job the a company can
greatly increase its potential for growth and competition with similar
companies. This in the mean time would benefit  investors, stake holders, and share holders. 

            Another significant benefit
to outsourcing is having a larger workforce available.  Also having this larger workforce available
allows a smaller company to compete with larger companies by outsourcing a
majority of their workload.  Finally, it
can be argued that morally, countries like India are now enjoying some of the
luxuries that our poorest U.S. citizens have been enjoying for decades.  Another benefit is that as poorer nations
begin to excel at doing the jobs available from outsourcing to their countries,
they will eventually be able import products made in the United States and
thereby increasing our economy.  So
outsourcing has led to a decline in the poverty of  the countries that we outsource to.  Outsourcing into these developing countries has
certainly helped them when you consider that jobs is these areas have been
scarce and far between until the onset of global outsourcing.