In this essay, the main focus will be to discuss, the
skills, qualities and characteristics of three different leadership roles,
explain and analyse their importance and evaluate their impact within different
sport and exercise activities or environments. The three leadership roles that
will be talked about in this essay are the captain role, the coach role and the
official role.


which will each be related to basketball, football (soccer)

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(paragraph about general leadership skills maybe)



First of all, we have the captain role which, in sports, is
a title attributed to a team member. A captain is a person or member of a team
which is generally granted with the responsibility of representing his
teammates when interacting with the game officials regarding their decisions
and leading his team in terms of strategies and other game aspects. A captain
is often more highly respected by his teammates as he is the leader of the team
and usually stores more experience than the rest of the team members. In
addition to this, the captain is easily recognised in many sports as he is present
when the officials do the coin toss at the initiation of a game. In football and
many other sports, a captain is further recognised as he differentiates himself
from his teammates by wearing an armband, this marks the player’s role
(captain). On the other hand, in a sport such as basketball, there is no
armband or any other piece of material worn by a captain to mark his leading
role. Also, the position of a player in a team sport can be in correlation with
the captain role. For example, in Basketball, most of the captains are point
guards, these are the players that dictate the game and make decisions about
different plays.

Other than physical signs, there are other aspects that a
captain generally includes in his way of playing and acting as a team member. One
of the most important traits of a team captain is maturity and all the other
qualities will, in the end, relate to maturity. In fact, most captains, are
above the majority of the team members in terms of maturity. The definition of
maturity varies in each and every sport but in general a mature player makes
more thoughtful, correct decisions. An example of this could be assisting a
teammate in scoring rather than being greedy and taking a shot when there is
little to almost no chance of scoring in football, this will of course require
a lot of humility from the captain (which again relates to maturity) as the
person scoring will get more recognition for the goal in the end as opposed to
the person making the pass for the goal (captain in this scenario). Maturity
can be a characteristic or skill for a captain on and off the pitch. Maturity
outside the pitch could involve dealing with the media, interviewers and/or
post-match conferences which will also relate to having knowledge or experience
on how to act in situations where provocative comments/questions are
made/asked. Another major skill that a captain requires is communication
skills. This quality is developed by years of practicing a game. Experience
gained over the years of playing will lead to having good speaking skills. Most
of the captains have acquired a high level of communication ability and know
how to talk to their players. For example, in football when his team is losing
at half-time, a captain should know how to motivate his players so that they
come back with full intensity in the second half. Other forms of communication
skills involve telling a player what to do on the pitch without demotivating
them, encouraging them instead of bringing them down mentally and all these
communication skills link back to experience and maturity of a captain. A last
great skill or quality that a leader or captain should have is personality.
Personality which is affected every single day since the captain is born with
his life experiences should be adapted to the sports environment he is in. By
this we mean that a captain should know how to earn respect from his team
members, his coach, his fans and so forth. They should know that there are many
principles to keeping respect from their teammates such as having humour but at
the same time being professional when being around them. They should keep a
balance between having fun and being serious without having their respect being
challenged every time. This also relates to having good communication skills.
Another way of showing good personality is by showing the youngers his
confidence, his enthusiasm, his passion and his determination no matter the
situation (not giving up when loosing a game).





Second of all, there is the coach role which falls into the
category of leadership roles. In sports, this role involves the person
operating a team by giving them instructions as well as providing them with the
training sessions that will improve them and benefit them when games are
played. Some coaches focus on one player and coach him individually whereas
others train a group of individuals. In this essay, we will focus on coaches
for team sports such as basketball and football which differs from the skills
of a coach for a single sport. The coach does not take part in the activity in
the way that he does not literally practice the sport while his team is doing
so. He/she rather stays outside and gives directions that the players should
execute. There are several things a good manager or coach should know how to
do, here are some of them. Most high level coaches have a great understanding
of the game either because they played it or because they’ve studied the game
for a long time, and one of the great qualities that they develop is analysis
of games and situations. For example, in Basketball, a coach usually comes on
the game day prepared to face the opposition and eventually beat them using
tactics that he put up as efficient and important when analysing the opposing
team’s past performances. This also applies for football; a coach will very
most likely know the way a team plays before coming to play against them in a
game. He will know the team’s strengths and weaknesses and he will try to make
a plan (tactics) on how to beat them. This is all thanks to the analysing
skills which is a crucial attribute for a coach. Another feature for a coach
showing good leadership skills is observation which slightly differs from analysis.
Observation is more improvised in a way then analysis, for example, in a
football game the coach should, depending on the situation know what players
could make a positive impact on the game or know what tactical changes might
make a difference. In very tactical games where the two coaches are very strong
in terms of football strategies and the games are very tight a slight change
can “unlock” or make the team’s win more likely to occur. In other words, these
observation skills often lead to great turnovers. Demonstration and delivery go
hand in hand and are two characteristics 
a coach should have to be a good leader. A coach with good demonstration
skills and delivery skills means that he is very easily understood. This comes
from having a good relationship with his players and making his points, tactics
and ways of playing/philosophy clear to all of his players. This will help
during matches as it would make it easier to guide the players on how to play
in a game. Also when a coach skilful in demonstration and delivery is giving
out quick instructions, his players will execute what he says in the correct
way as they understand what he means. Furthermore, delivery is the way he
delivers his training sessions. This will alter between putting up high
intensity sessions and fun-based or game-based sessions depending on the
coach’s goals. A coach who has developed good delivery skills will know how to
keep his players interested and focused rather than being boring and working on
only one aspect of the game.





Finally, also seen as a leader in sports is the official who
is also known as the referee. In general or in most of the sports, he is accompanied
by a small number of other assistant referees. In football, for example, there
is one referee, two assistant referees and sometimes a fourth official is