Importance of Education:

Today, Education is the most
important aspect of one’s survival. The development of a country depends upon
education system of that particular country. Our future depends upon education policies
of a particular country so one should be very careful in adopting these policies
because our future depends upon them.

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Our religion emphasis us upon importance
of education for both genders. Our Prophet (P.B.U.H) and the messenger of Allah
put great efforts on education, He (P.B.U.H) said: “seeking knowledge is a duty
upon ever Muslim”.

 Education System of Pakistan:

The educational system is governed by
Federal Ministry of Education in Pakistan. It must be obligatory in educational
system of Pakistan to provide free and necessary education to (5-16 years old)
children. They also have to support adult literacy rate.

The education system in Pakistan is
divided into five levels:

1)     
primary
(1-5th standard)

2)     
Middle
(6th-8th standard)

3)     
High(9th-10th
standard)

4)     
Intermediate(11th-12th
standard)

5)     
University(undergraduate
and graduate)

1) Primary level:

This level of
education is stirred from British system of education. In this system a pre-school
education is planned for the children of 3-5 years old. It is consists of 2
stages i.e. playgroup and nursery. After pre-school education, students promote
to 1-5th standard i.e. junior school. It has been noticed that only
80% of Pakistani students finish primary level of education.

2) Middle level:

       After
passing 5th standard examination, students are promoted to middle
level                                                 of education i.e. 6th-8th
standard. In middle level, gender base system is applied i.e. co-education is
not prefer in rural areas while it is common in some urban

areas.

Subjects in middle level:

In middle level, eight
subjects are most commonly taught in schools i.e. Urdu, English, Math’s, Science,
Social Studies, Islamiyat and Computer. The subjects are also depends upon the
nature of school either it is Urdu medium or English medium.

3) High level:

After passing 8th
standard examination, students are promoted to high level of education i.e. 9th-10th
standard which is also called secondary level of education. Students are
required to pass the examination lanned  by board of intermediate and secondary
education (BISE).Upon passing these two examinations of 9th and 10th
standard, students are awarded .Secondary School Certificate (SSC) which is
also called matriculation certificate.

Subjects in high level:

In high level, there is
combination of eight subjects which includes elective subjects such as Biology,
Chemistry, Physics and Computer and compulsory subjects such as Math’s, Urdu ,
English, Islamiyat and Pak-Studies.

4) Intermediate level:

Students are promoted
to intermediate level after successfully passing 10th standard examination.
After passing 11th-12th examination by BISE, students are awarded
Higher Secondary School Certificate (HSSC) which is an important document of
student’s CV. There are many groups of education choose by students for their
intermediate level i.e. pre-medical, pre-engineering, humanities, commerce and computer.

Subjects in intermediate level:

In intermediate level,
there is a combination of six subjects, which includes 3 elective subjects
regarding to the group of education choose by students and three compulsory subjects
i.e. English, Urdu, Islamiyat(in 11th standard) and Pak-studies(in
12th standard).

5)University level:

After passing intermediate
level of education, students usually promoted to the professional degrees i.e.
Bachelors. Bachelor programs are usually offered by Universities and professional
colleges which have a no. of different programs or courses mostly of 4-5 years of
study. BS courses are usually Engineering, Business, MBBS, DVM, LLB, BDS, Architecture,
pharmacy, nursing etc. there are certain boards that controls the examination
system of these universities known as PMDC. Students also prefer bachelors of Arts
(BA), commerce (B.Com) and science (B.Sc).

At university level,
there are two types of bachelor programs i.e. pass and honors. In pass degree,
students usually read 3 optional subjects and it is of 2 years study program. Honors
programs are usually 4 years of study   and students are specialized in a chosen
flied.

After completion of
B.A/B.Sc, students are moved to Master degree program which is 2 years of
education to get the degree of Master program. After completion of Master Program
there is an M.phil degree which is available in certain selected areas of research
after that PhD program is available which is based on research work and students
usually refer those universities which are involve in research work of particular
fields. In Pakistan, M.phil and PhD requires 2 years of study.

Adult Literacy

Adult literacy is also
very important to provide opportunity of education to the older people.

There are “Adult
Education Centers”, run by the Government. Adult literacy is importance because
of the following reasons:

i) Want to improve one’s ability and understanding
in respect of one’s  profession.

ii) The people want to use their free
time usefully and thus want to improve their knowledge.

iii) For increasing public attention in marital
and unknown affairs, education is essential.

Educational Problems in Pakistan:

Pakistan faces a lot of problems in regards to its educational system. Some
of these problems are:

Different mediums of
education:

The education system of Pakistan is based on two mediums i.e. English medium
and Urdu medium that divides the students into two segments. Most commonly its
is noticed that private schools are usually English medium and government
schools are Urdu medium. Local differences are also the major cause of poor
educational system of Pakistan.