GUJARAT TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY (GTU)
AHMEDABAD- 382424 61595161925
Vishwakarma Government Engineering College, Chandkheda-382424
(Affiliated with GTU)
A
Project report
On
” IOT(wireless wi-fi) & EYE FLIP OPERATE REMOTE APPLIENCES”
Prepared as a part of the requirement for the subject of
PROJECT
B.E-IV Semester- VII
(Electronics & Communication Branch)
Submitted By:
Group: 28
Sr. No. Name Enrollment No.

1 Amin Monika A. 140170111005
2 Karmur Sejal D. 140170111044
3 Makwana Meghna A. 140170111053
Prof. J.D.CHUAHAN
Assistant Professor, Electronics & communication Department, VGEC, ChandkhedaProf.R.A.THAKKER
Head of the Electronics & communication Department, VGEC, ChandkhedaAcademic Year
2017-18

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Certificate
This is to certify that the PROJECT Report entitled “IOT (wireless wi-fi)& EYE FLIP OPERATE REMOTE APPLIENCES” submitted by Amin Monika A.(140170111005),Karmur Sejal D.(140170111044), Makwana Meghna A.(140170111053) towards the partial fulfillment in project (Electronics & communication Engineering) of Gujarat Technological University is the record of work carried out by him under our supervision and guidance. The work submitted has in our opinion reached a level required for being accepted for examination. The results embodied in this Project Work to the best of our knowledge have not been submitted to any other University or diploma
Date: 3092017
Guide by:
Prof. J.D.Chuahan
Assistant Professor
Department of Electronics &Communication Engineering
Vishwakarma Government Engineering College, Chandkheda – 382424
Head of Department:
Prof. R.A.ThakkarDepartment of Electronics &Communication Engineering
Vishwakarma Government Engineering College,
Chandkheda – 382424

CONTENTS
Chapter 1:
1.1 AEIOU Frame work/Empathy Canvas/Ideation/Product Development
1.2 Abstract
1.3 Introduction Chapter 2: Pre Design
2.1Working Chapter 3: Proof of Concept
3.1 Advantages
3.2 Limitation References Introduction to concept/ idea

The day started with plenty of ideas related to new innovation. We discussed about different possible solutions. And finally we came across our Design thinking topic ‘IOT(wireless wi-fi) ; EYE FLIP OPERATE REMOTE APPLIANCES’ We completed 1st task of AEIOU sheets. They can be elaborated as:
A- Activities
E- Environment
I- Interaction
O- Objects
U- Users
Activities:
The activities related with the user are included in this section. Some of those activities are:
Idea
Thinking
Planning
Searching
PCB design
Software develop

Environment:
This sheet includes the environmental behavior all around the user. The environment of the user depends on the location of the user. The normal environmental behavior around our user is day, seasons and so on.

Interaction:
Communication of any sort, for example two or more people talking to each other, or communication among groups, organizations, nations or states: migration, foreign relations, transportation,
In our project main user is .And other users are like paralysed, handicapped, also old person etc.

Empathy Mapping / framework:
Empathy canvas includes user of our product and the stakeholders. It also shows the different activities performed by the users. Different stories related to merits and demerits are also included.

User of our product is Eelctrician.

Software designer, PCB designer etc.Ideation Canvas / framework: This canvas includes the people, their activities, properties. It also shows the situation, context and location of where our product will be used.

Product Development canvas
The canvas is started with the purpose for the product development and people in the product development. Since the design thinking process of our team involve in one of the crucial
domain “IOT(wireless wi-fi) & EYE FLIP OPERATE REMOTE APPLIENCES”, the purpose is cleared.

The product Experience as a user involved in the activities, the product what we are thinking as team members is to be experienced by users.

Next, the product function and product features with its components are included in canvas with some IDEAS. With the customer revalidation, our product development idea
is accepted with the redesign concepts.

ABSTRACT
The purpose of automation should not be restricted to power conservation but it should also facilitate ease of control of devices with minimal intervention of human being . In our project, we have proposed an alternative approach to allow the human to control the home appliances through their normal blink of human eyes with occurrences of reflected infrared light by the eyes pupil. In this an IR emitter and detector aligned at such a coordinates that the infrared light would be able to get reflected through the pupil. It is connected to Wi-Fi Board by wireless connection which is being used to control the supply of current to the appliances by a two way switch connection. An Infrared Emitter is mounted over the main device frame to pin point the particular device.
The main eye device has a timer circuit of microcontroller which turns OFF the device after few seconds for minimum exposure of IR on eye and push button to turn it ON.

INTRODUCTION
Today we are working on various controlling system for technological development and nowadays automation is taking over the whole world. We all are in a race to finish our work in the least possible time and for this to happen we need an automation system to do our task with just a trigger or sometimes without a trigger. Not only for minimizing the time we need automation but for those disorder people we need the automation systems. Also at the time when we are busy doing main task we need small task to be done automatically specially at that time when the main task is too sensitive for ex- in aeronautical space where we are busy doing special task so we need other smaller task to be done automatically when needed. So while in this we can use any mechanism to do the whole system with just a trigger into the automation system from that body part which is not been used. Automation system using Eye Blink Parameter acts as automatic control of home appliances by blinking eyes. By using this system a person can easily operate home appliances without direct indulgence. It is designed to save the electricity and also beneficial for security purpose. This will be also very helpful to tetraplegia patients, quadriplegia, as paralysis affected by sickness or injury to a human that gives partial results or total loss of use of all their limbs. The major problem that Tetraplegic patients face is leading their own life without anyone else’s help. This includes basic day to day operations like switching on an appliance. Here in our proposed work we are using our eye as a measure to give the trigger to a system to do multiple
Principle Of Eye flip operate remote apliences :
Many researchers already developed various systems with precise devices which is use for very expensive, excessively sensitive and very costly purpose EEG or Statistical active appearance model technologies are been used. The different basic devices used in existing system there is no test case and the patterns are too much tough to be implemented and also it is wired leading to more complexity. Here in our proposed system work we are implementing a simpler approach with some more efficient and with simpler way to do the task with the testing the output at our side and the appliance side too. In the present scenario we also require Network Controlling devices and internet medium to control the long distance home appliances. we use alternative approach to control the appliances. Here we opt an advance and unique wireless device Wi-Fi module- ESP8266.
In this automation System overall architecture divided into two basic blocks namely user block and appliance block. The user block is used to take input from the user whereas appliance block is placed at appliance side to change the state of the appliances with various small blocks consisting of many electronics components. Following is the block diagram representing the whole system

Figure 1 (a): Block Diagram of User Block
1 User Block:
. Wireless System transmitter. The main component of Hold on Circuit is microcontroller which determines what will be send to the receiver through transmitter so that according the user input the selected output i.e. appliance is turned off/on.

2 Appliances block
In Fig. 1(b) Appliances block we are receiving the data from the user block through the wireless Receiver; the data is been decoded in this phase and processed after signal is transmitted to the particular relay and finally the states of appliances will be flipped.

.
Working:
In our proposed System user block, we have used an Infrared, IR sensor
which is placed in our spectacles at an angle such that the signal from the IR sensor is the a
transmitter will be reflected back to the IR receiver from the pupil of our eye. When the illumination of eye with an infrared light, the pupil becomes white generally it gives improvement of half of the “red-eye effect” seen normally in pictures. Joined to the IR sensor we have used the IR module (monostable) to sense the signal from the IR sensor. Now when we close our left eye lid the signal get break from the IR sensor due to the non-reflective ability of our eye lid, the timer circuit (astable) gets switched on enabling the glow of LEDs placed on the other eye frame. The LEDs are of different color representing the different appliance also same colors LED are placed on the appliance for the simplicity of the representation of the LED to the appliance.The LEDs will glow one at a time and will glow again in a circular manner if the eye lid is being closed for a while. To choose an appliance we have to check for the colorof the LED and chose the same LED and when the same number of LED glows we have to open our eye lid to give a signal to the microcontroller. The microcontroller is placed in a Hold On circuit used to hold on to the signal and to process it and then to send the set data to the wireless device- transmitter. We have also placed a LED segment with the Hold On circuit to confirm the signal by making the same color of the LED glow to give a confirmation to the user that the he is sending signal to switch the state of this particular
appliance. We can use various other means to send the signal wireless like Bluetooth, Wi-Fi depending over the range of signal that how much is the distance of the appliance from the user. Even we can use mobile signals to send over a vast distance. Now after the transmitting the signal from the user block to appliances block. In appliance block we have used wi-fi (ESP8266) receiver according to our proposed work. The RF receiver is used to catch the signal from the user side. After receiving the signal, the signal is forwarded to relay driver IC which is used as latch circuit. This latch circuit is used to choose the appliance and to send the data to the particular relay attached to the selected appliance. The microcontroller sends the same signal to the relay. The relay has a property to switch the state with the same input. So here the replay is used to switch the state (ON ; OFF) of the appliance.

SPECIFICATION OF THE CIRCUIT DIAGRAM:
AVR Microcontroller
Power supply
IR sensor
Wi fi ESP8266 2 NOS
OptoisolaterDriver
PCB
Connecting wires
Soldering accessories
Applications of iot (wireless wi-fi) ; eye flip operate remote appliance
Wi-Fi (ESP 8266) which is the main advance feature in our system. The ESP8266 advertises itself as a self-contained Wi-Fi networking solution offering itself as a bridge from existing micro controller to WiFi … and …is also capable of running self contained applications.

The major advantages factor in our system is wireless Wi-Fi (ESP 8266) modules, which is having the advance features as standalone device and also can create and connect over global communication networks like i.e Smart phone
LIMITATION
In the proposed system it needs to generate a manual trigger signal by a switch to energise IR Sensor and distingues each command for appliance switch on/off.

The wireless communication range with standalone without TCP/IP Connection would be 10-12 meters, however it can be connected with TCP/IP network for global wireless

REFERENCES
References list relevant papers referred to in the other sections, citing original works both historical and recent.

1 Sourab, B. S., and Sachith D’Souza. “Implementation of home automation using eye blink sensor.” In Electronics, Communication and Computational Engineering (ICECCE), 2014 International Conference on, pp. 242-244. IEEE, 2014.2 Bacivarov, Ioana, Mircea Ionita, and Peter Corcoran. “Statistical models of
appearance for eye tracking and eye-blink detection and measurement. “IEEE tran ctions on consumer electronics 54, no. 3 (2008): 1312-1320.

3 bin Abd Rani, M. S. “Detection of eye blinks from EEG signals for home lighting
system activation.” In 2009 6th International Symposium on Mechatronics and its Applications. 2009.

4 Banerjee, Anwesha, Monalisa Pal, D. N. Tibarewala, and Amit Konar.

“Electrooculogram based blink detection to limit the risk of eye dystonia.”
InAdvances in Pattern Recognition (ICAPR), 2015 Eighth International Conference on, pp. 1-6. IEEE, 2015.5 Khowaja, Sunder Ali, Kamran Dahri, Muhammad Aslam Kumbhar, and AltafMazhar Soomro. “Facial expression recognition using two-tier classification and its
application to smart home automation system.” In Emerging Technologies (ICET),
2015 International Co
TEXT BOOKS
•”Fundamental of digital circuits” by A.. Aanad kumar.•”The AVR microcontroller and embedded system” by Muhammad Ali Mazidi.