Greek Architects had almost an obsession with perfection
when building temples and monuments. This is something The Parthenon and the Temple
of Apollo have in common. Both temples have trabeation structures and follow
the Greek idea that they had to be perfect from all sides. This means that the columns
continue around the whole structure and the building does not have a back, unlike
Roman Architecture. Both temples were built to adjust subtle optical illusions.
For example, the Parthenon has shorter corner columns causing the whole floor
to be domed, and curved columns vertically in order to correct the illusion of
concavity. The temple of Apollo was designed to create a sense of upward
movement they did this by reducing the scale of the capitals and the height of the
entablature. This was in the style of a Hellenistic ionic temple whereas The Parthenon
was designed in the style of a Classical Doric temple. This means that the
columns used for The Parthenon were shorter and wider with a larger Frieze,
compared to the Ionic columns which were thinner and taller. They had a smaller
frieze and a more intricate capital. The difference in style of the temples
shows how Greek architecture progressed and was refined between the classical
and Hellenistic buildings. Both temples stand on a raised platform. However,
the Parthenon is all on one level with a tunnel of columns forming a wide cella.
This was designed to frame the view and house the statue of Athena. In contrast
the temple of Apollo has a raised entrance which is 13 feet higher than the
court bellow. Within the court is a shrine surrounded by bay trees. There is a hidden
room at the same level as the entrance which has two tunnels that lead to the
court, it is said that they may have been the oracles which the temple was
known for. Another big difference in organisation of the temples is how they
are approached. The Parthenon has a set of monumental stairs leading from the
west approaching the corner of the building. This was designed so that you
could see the whole structure instead of the front to emphasise this idea that
it was perfect form all sides. Leading up to the temple are a series of statues
of warring gods placed in intricate groupings. The temple itself has a fairly
simple layout inside, perhaps in order to draw attention to the statue of
Athena. This is in complete contrast to the drastic difference in height
between the entrance and the court found in the temple of Apollo. Perhaps this is
because the architects were trying to create a sense of privacy and intimacy with
the gods while the Parthenon was more of a public celebration of Athena explain
the openness of the structure.