Generally, the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) is identify reliable and reasonable ways for utilities and grid operators to take benefit of the new ways electricity is produced, distributed, and used.
EPRI is taking on that addition research into the costs and benefits of Distributed Energy Resources (DERs) to the systems which are:
1. The Integrated Grid: Realizing the Full Value of Central and Distributed Power Resources.
Purpose: To enable utility customers to have the same technology choices from their electric suppliers as they are in other areas of their lives.
2. The Integrated Grid; Benefit-Cost Framework
Purpose: Focuses on how “the community will benefit from all the individual customer choices”.
More flexible conventional fleet, based on the EPRI’s paper, could:
• Address differences with more competently managing turndown and start times
• Increase the suitability of resources and flexibility by reducing the inadequacy of probability of capacity and loss of load.
• Reduces the challenge of steady frequency and voltage just by having more online generations
Getting these advantages will require capital investment and operating costs. Dealing with operating costs is more straightforward. Receiving more flexibility services from conventional plants will increase parts replacement and labour maintenance costs, costs for increased labour and training of operators, and increased policy compliance costs, and etc.