Children and young persons develop at different rates and the difference in sequence they advance is very minimal. Babies rate of development is faster compared to when they reach child and young persons age.
The aspects of development are intertwined and equally contribute to a child’s full adult potential, as they develop their fine and gross motor skills.
From birth to 6months children should be able to smile when they hear voices or see faces they find familiar, respond to sound and get interested in the environment and surroundings by turning their heads. As their muscles begin to develop they hold their feet while lying on their back; hold, shake a rattle and put objects in their mouth. They also start to make happy sounds and copy face movements of their carers.
Between 6months and 2 years children start making babbling sounds and show feelings by crying or squealing or laugh or chuckle to show enjoyment. As they start becoming aware of themselves they start to roll over, then sitting, crawling, standing and walking with some assistance at first to achieve each skill. They try to feed themselves using fingers or spoon, drink from a cup using both hands and respond by turning their heads when their name is called. They begin picking, throwing, pushing and pulling objects, pointing to show what they want, waving to say goodbye, block building, trying to kick and raising their arms to be lifted. Children at this age tend to show affection and develop a bond with adults who are regularly around them and shy towards strangers.
The age between 2 and 5 years children develop sense of own identity and want to do things on their own. Their use of scissors holding painting and pencil skills are more developed, they can stand on tiptoes, climb, jump, pedal a bike, improved ball skill and coordination, take themselves to the toilet, dress and undress without assistance. They begin asking complex questions using more accurate grammar, stretched vocabulary and become more confident with adult assurance.
At 5 to 7 years children can dress or balance on apparatus independently and can do their buttons and laces without assistance. There is increase in confidence and improvement on acquired skills, they can tell their left from right and are aware of sexual differences.
Children begin to understand rules and consequences between 7 and 12 years. They become sporty and gender identity is becoming more evident they become selective of friendships. They can make a choice of the subjects that they are interested in at this age. Their speech becomes articulate and can explain complex activities they also engage in verbal arguments.
Adolescence age is 12 -19 years a period between childhood and adulthood. Adolescence development can start from the age of 11 and can vary considerably and is different for girls and boys. This is a difficult time for both genders as developing late or early can bring up many emotional factors due to the differences to your peers. The differences include muscle growth, body hair etc for boys and for girls its puberty, breast budding, etc.