Both Adolf Hitler, and President Franklin Roosevelt gave speeches discussing the current issues their countries were facing and ways to improve their nations. Hitler was a very charismatic leader who tried to convince his country that he was the right choice to do a better job than Germany’s previous leader. “More than fourteen years have passed since the unhappy day when the German people, blinded by promises from foes at home and abroad, lost touch with honor and freedom, thereby losing all” (Hitler, 1933). Hitler describes the failures of past leaders to get the country on track and how the results were not what the country was aiming for. He also spoke about Communism “with its method of madness” has destroyed their nation (Hitler, 1933). His speech was also used to restore hope into the Germany people. Hitler also blamed the Treaty of Versailles for their suffering He spoke about how the Allies left Germany out of the deal. Also stating the land that was taken from them and the vast amount of money needed to pay reparations that were due, was all reasons why they lost their self-respect.
Franklin Roosevelt aimed to change the United States after the Great Depression. Roosevelt mentioned reasons why the country was suffering. He stated, “Values have shrunken to fantastic levels; taxes have risen; our ability to pay has fallen” (Roosevelt, 1933). He discussed that trade was frozen, the people’s savings were gone, farmers had nowhere to market their products, as well as a great deal of unemployed citizens (Roosevelt, 1933). Franklin D. Roosevelt blamed the United States problems on the “financial decrease all around, from tax increases, the government having limited revenue, and trading becoming stationary in the existing market (Roosevelt, 1933).” Both the financial part of the economy and small businesses were in dire straits in Roosevelt’s opinion. “The savings of many years in thousands of families are gone” (Roosevelt, 1933).
In terms of unemployment Hitler stated, “Within four years unemployment must be finally overcome (Hitler, 1933).He speaks about unemployment needing to be confronted so that the working class won’t be ruined. He spoke about how trade needed to be built back up. Hitler stated he would correct the economic problems of his country. Hitler mentioned the economy, “the promotion of employment, the preservation of the farmer, as well as in the exploitation of individual initiative, the Government sees the best guarantee for the avoidance of any experiments which would endanger the currency” (Hitler, 1933). He talks about how the German farmer must be helped so that the nation is supplied with the necessary goods. As far as foreign policy, Hitler said the people of their country should have “the right to live” as well as freedom (Hitler, 1933). He desired Germany to have the same rights as the other countries in the world. He believed the best way to rid the country of all its problems was to get rid of communism. Hitler despised it, he called it one of the world’s two evils.
Roosevelt’s main concern of the U.S. was unemployment. He wanted the population as a whole to correct the, “overbalance of population in our industrial centers” (Roosevelt, 1933). He stated that unemployment can be handled, or at least approached, by being “…accomplished in part by direct recruiting by the Government itself, treating the task as we would treat the emergency of a war, but at the same time, through this employment, accomplishing greatly needed projects to stimulate and reorganize the use of our natural resources” (Roosevelt, 1933).
When discussing the banking issue he mentioned, “There must be a strict supervision of all banking and credits and investments” (Roosevelt, 1933). Roosevelt discussed the army would work together to keep peace. He also stated “Values have shrunken to fantastic levels; taxes have risen; our ability to pay has fallen; government of all kinds is faced by serious curtailment of income; the means of exchange are frozen in the currents of trade; the withered leaves of industrial enterprise lie on every side; farmers find no markets for their produce; the savings of many years in thousands of families are gone. More important, a host of unemployed citizens face the grim problem of existence, and an equally great number toil with little return. Only a foolish optimist can deny the dark realities of the moment” (Roosevelt, 1933). . Roosevelt believed the U.S. was capable of the changes that were going to make it better for all.
Both leaders appealed to the citizens of their country and spoke about the issues at hand that each nation was facing. The speeches were ultimately used to inspire hope and show that they should have placed their faith in the leader. Each leader had their own plan to create change to better their country. Both leaders stress strict changes that needed to occur in order to have a successful outcome. Hitler believed communism needed to be extinguished. Roosevelt aimed to eliminate unemployment and get the country back on track economically. Each leader was tasked with a large issue but was willing to fight hard to succeed.