At present the UK
is a member of the European Common Aviation Area (ECAA), this includes all the
EU states, Norway, Iceland and the non-EU Balkan states. Any airline
predominantly owned by people or companies based inside member state is free to
operate anywhere within the ECAA, without any restriction as to frequency or
capacity At present, both Easyjet and British Airways are UK-owned airlines
this means they can both enjoy the full freedoms provided by the ECAA. If/when
the UK leaves the EU, if no special arrangements are put in place the UK’s
membership of the ECAA would break down and both airlines would lose all
automatic rights to operate to, from and within the ECAA. Furthermore, their
rights would also lapse on routes that are now governed by agreements between
the EU and the USA (such as the EU-US “Open Skies” agreement). These rights are
reciprocal. American and other ECAA carriers such as Ryanair would lose their
automatic rights to fly to the UK. This would be a massive impact on the UK aviation industry as it would
be more costly for UK based carriers to travel across Europe and directly
affecting fare prices for consumers and perhaps cause a decline in air travel
for the UK across maintain Europe.

The Aviation Industry has always had an impact on the
environment. Internationally the industry affects the world by adding to
climate change , this is because aviation jet fuel is made of kerosene which is
developed using fossil fuels and with thousands of aircraft flying every day
the effects only get worse. Locally the industry is still causing problems by
reducing the quality of air but also in terms of noise pollution. Aircraft are
very loud and around airports like LHR (London Heathrow) which is the largest
airport in the UK noise pollution can be a huge problem for local communities.
The Aviation Industry has different ways of trying to combat these impacts.

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The CAA follows government policy and
guidance on carbon emissions and the quality of air when it decides to make
change about airspace. It plays a vital role when it comes
to advising the government on the reducing the aviation industry’s carbon
emissions and developing international initiatives. An example would
be emissions trading which is designed to directly combat
climate change.

 Newer Aircraft are
being designed to produce less noise , modern aircraft are a lot quieter than
they were a few decades ago for example the Airbus A380 and Boeing 787 are
significantly quieter than the aircraft they were meant to be replacing. At LHR
limiting and restricting flights especially at
night promotes airlines to use the best aircraft they have for the specific route; the airport also provides financial
incentives which also encourage airlines to use their quietest aircraft through
variable landing charges. Together these lead to more of the
quietest planes being used at Heathrow. Although there has been roughly double the amount of aircraft numbers since the 1970s, LHR
have a decrease in the numbers of people being affected by Heathrow’s noise.