Activity 1



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Health and safety representatives 

Health and safety
representatives are workers 
selected  to represent the health and safety interests of employees
within their workgroup for a person conducting a business or undertaking.

OHS Committee’

In accordance with Work Health and Safety Act 2011  a health and safety committee (HSC)
brings together employees and management to develp and review health  and safety policies and procedures for the

The ‘Act’ 

 The act can be defined a formal decision, law, or the like, by a
legislature, ruler, court, or other authority;

‘Personal Protective Clothing &
Equipment (PPE)’

Personal protective equipment (PPE)
relates to protective clothing, helmets, or another type of
garments or equipment designed to protect the wearer’s body from
injury or infection,  including  physical, electrical, heat, chemicals, and
airborne particulate matter.

‘Hierarchy of controls’

The Hierarchy of Control refers to a list of control
measures that can be used to eliminate or minimise exposure to the hazard.


A policy is a course or principle of action that can be proposed by an
organization or an individual.


A procedure referes to a fixed, step-by-step sequence of activities that
can be followed in the same order to 
perform a task accurately.


SafetyMAP refers to Safety Management
Achievement Program and is an audit tool that provides the means to
undertake an independent audit and review of an organisation’s health and
safety management system


Potential danger” is  considered redundant, because danger is
itself a potential source of injury.




Name the five (5) groups of hazards and provide one (1) example of each

Chemicals- fumes, gases, liquids, solids, dust, vapors
and corrosives.

Fire- Fire is a risk for your business, no matter
what type of company you are running.

Repetitive Use
Injury- This occurs when  workers repeat the same
actions throughout the day, such as typing or rolling dough, or washing
windows, they are at risk of repetitive use injury.

Hazards- People who work directly with electricity, including electricians and
engineers, are at risk of injury; personnel who work with electrical equipment
in the office are also at risk of injury.

Accidental Falls
and Falling Objects- Employees working at elevated heights, there may be at risk of accidental


2.Chemicals may enter the body in one or more than three (3) ways. Name
the three (3) ways chemicals can enter the body

Inhalation (breathing)

Skin (or eye) contact.

Swallowing (ingestion or



3. When we talk about Hazards we also talk about exposure to hazards.
In this context what does ‘expose’ mean?


In this context, expose means there is probability that a person will be
harmed or experience an adverse health effect if he/ she is exposed to a hazard. It applies to situations with property
or equipment loss, or harmful effects on the environment.







1.      Risk is a measurement of two (2) components. Name the two (2)

The event that could occur – the risk

The probability that the event will occur – the likelihood, the impact
or consequence of the event if it occurs – the penalty 

2. Of course risks and hazards need to be controlled. In WHS the term
‘Practicable’ is used in the context that the control should be ‘Practicable’

Provide an example of a hazard and control that
would be ‘Practicable’

The hazard and the
control that should be practicable is noise hazard. For example, in the case of
a noise hazard, temporary measures might require workers to use hearing

3. Provide an example of a hazard and control that would NOT be

In this scenario, some hazards are part of the work process
such as mechanical hazards, noise or toxic properties of substances .For
example a production line may have dangerous moving parts, noise, hazards associated
with manual tasks and psychological hazards due to the pace of work. This kind
of hazard and control is not practicable.




1.      Name five (5) sections or components of a WHS Management system:

a safety

policies and

training and


and reporting.


2.      Two (2) different WHS management systems are discussed and compared in
the student resource. What are those two (2) systems?


Occupational health and safety
management systems 

work health and safety management systems (WHSMS), 


3.      Which one of those systems answered in Question Two (2) has an ‘Initial
Level’ and an ‘Advanced Level’?

Occupational health and safety management systems – Initial

Work health and safety
management- Advanced Level


4.Which one of those systems is described as an ‘Audit tool’? 

WHS is an Audit Tool

5. There is a common Management phrase used in the student resource to
describe requirements of a WHS management system – but is usually applicable to
Management in general, it has four (4) components.





What is the fourth component?




1. Fill the gap in the following sentences with the missing word


A Health and Safety Representative is elected by a ____ Designated Work  ____ group


A system of training where an experienced person is teamed with an
inexperienced person so that the inexperienced person can work with and learn
from the more experienced person is called the _________ system.


An ‘Initial Level’ Health and Safety Representative training course
is_____5______ days long.


There are ____5_____ levels in the ‘Hierarchy of Controls’


__Elimination_________ is the first level of the
‘Hierarchy of Controls’ and is the most favoured method for controlling a


A ‘Code of Practice’ is also now known as a ____ compliance codes ______________ code


An OHS committee must have at least ___half_______ of its members being
employees of the business.


An OHS committee must meet at least once every _______3_____ months


All organisations are legally required to keep ‘Register of inspection_’
which must be available to a WorkSafe inspector


Employers are obligated to __comply______ with employees when installing
new equipment


When discussing the effects of hazardous substances such as cleaning
chemicals these effects are often described as Acute or Chronic and Local or
___ Systemic effects


A WHS policy should be no more than _____5____ page / pages long.



1.      Hazards are often associated with ‘Plant’

In general terms Plant refers to
machinery, equipment, or tools . Many hazards are associated with such plant,
for example: crushing, shearing, entangling, trapping, hitting or abrading, or
through the uncontrolled release of pressure.


Most of these ‘kinetic energy’ or
‘potential energy’ are related to injuries that are associated with fixed
plant; while , a significant number of these injuries are related to powered
equipment and tools in workshop, kitchen, office and garden workplaces


2.      Where could you obtain a copy of the ‘Code or Practice’ for plant?

This Code of Practice on managing health and safety risks
of plant in
the workplace is an approved code of practice under section 274 of the Work Health and
Safety Act (the WHS Act


3.      Name five (5) ‘Plant’ that you would expect to find in a five star hotel
in areas other than the kitchen that may be hazardous


electrical, hydraulic and mechanical power sources

Slippery Bathrooms

Parking Area




1.. What are the
legal requirements for employers about this poster?

If an employee
is injured at the
workplace, he/she is entitled to make a workers’ compensation claim .In
accordance with, these laws the
employer must also take reasonable steps to provide an injured worker with rehabilitation
while being paid compensation.

2. What information would you need to include on an First Aid Incident
form that is completed by the company nurse when first aid is administered to a
staff member?


Details of the person receiving treatment
Surname:                     Given Names:              Date
of Birth:              Sex: M   F
Status: Academic Staff:           o         General
Staff:  o         Student:           o         Contractor
/ Employed by Contractor: o         Visitor: o
Staff / Student: Number:                  Faculty/School/Division:        
If staff:            Job Title:                      Continuing: 
o            Casual:  o       Supervisor:
If Contractor or employed by contractor: Name
and address of Contractor:      If Visitor:  Address:

Details of the Illness/Injury
Date:     and Time:      am/pm           Campus:
         F          G          M         T          W         Other
Where did the event happen? Be
specific, e.g. room and building  
Witness (if appropriate)        

History of Illness/Injury_______________________________________________________