762000-76291001934210-154759Royal University of Phnom Penh
Institute of Foreign Languages
Department of English
00Royal University of Phnom Penh
Institute of Foreign Languages
Department of English

Written Assignment
Topic:
THINGS THE AUTHORITY CAN DO TO PREVENT FLOOD CAUSE BY HEAVY RAIN IN PHNOM PENH
Class: A2.5
Lecturer: Vutha CedySubject: Global Studies 201
Group 3:
Song SeanchingSang KimbraneyMong LylySang Kimnann
Uch Kimsiv2018-2019
Zooming down to south-east Asia, you can find Phnom Penh, which is a capital city of Cambodia. Cambodia was known for its culture, traditions, and development, which has been growing dramatically in transport infrastructure, energy, trade, investment, construction, real estate, and tourism. However, Cambodia still has several domestic obstacles to overcome and one of them is flood, especially in Phnom Penh, which leads to destruction of properties. Flood can happen due to many circumstances such as heavy rain, low quality draining system, poor waste management, and lack of responsibility. Though the problem is very intense, the authority can build a gigantic downtown stream, manage the wastes properly, educate people to be more responsible, stop filling lakes and tributaries, and enforce the law strictly to prevent flood caused by heavy rain.

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Firstly, it is much more effective to erect a downtown stream in the city rather than just a park, which is one of the best alternatives to prevent the floods in the city. It is important to ensure that the proportion of the downtown stream is gigantic, and the water can be flow quickly through the downstream from one area to another. Moreover, Phnom Penh is currently overbuilt, which result in extinction of plants in the city. The plants can drive the floods away by absorbing the water with its roots. However, the plant extinction can be rescued by growing more plant along the downtown stream. For instance, in Korea, the massive urban renewal project is included Cheonggyecheon, which is located downtown Seoul, is a stream that connects to the Han River after flowing under 22 of bridges. The stream was first built in Joseon Dynasty, served as water supply and drainage system, which was a route to prevent the flood damage during that time. After a long time of abandoning the stream during the war, the government restored the steam to another level by making the restoration of Cheonggyecheon steam become one of the eco-friendly areas with natural environment, and a tourist site. The steam uses electricity to pump about 120,000 tons of water daily, from the Han River.
Waste management problem is constantly growing all over the world, and it is a great concern to not only the developed countries, but also to Cambodia. Apart from the fact that it leads to pollution and takes up lands, it also contributes to the growth of flood. As you can see, many drivers and pedestrians are throwing trash on the streets and rivers, whether it is bottle, plastic bag, plastic cup. This leads to the problem of docking up the culvert and getting into the draining system which will also lead to having flood when the heavy comes. Instead of throwing things recklessly on the streets and rivers, people should help to organize the trash by throwing them in the trash bin. By doing this, it will help the draining system to flow nicely without anything blocking its way. The government should think of the master plan to improve the water flowing into the sewage faster in a long-term use like the mesh drainage system might also help since there are many trashes that flows from the pipe. Activating the mesh draining might be a useful since it will store up all the trashed that flows from the pipe into the net which is wrapped all over the pipe. This will be a great solution to prevent flooding if the government decided to proceed this.

Thirdly, the authority should educate the citizens to be more responsible on the environment in Phnom Penh. From all the evident of trash on the streets to the witnesses seeing people throwing garbage and sweeping dirt into the sewage, it can prove that most of the citizens in Phnom Penh are not feeling guilty about throwing trash carelessly at places. Not to mention they spit saliva and gums, and throw away the cigarette leftover on the road. Some people in Phnom Penh tend to not care much about the cleanness of the city. This is because they don’t see any issue that might affect them by doing that. But in fact, the trash can block the flowing waterway and makes Phnom Penh has flashflood most of the time. Therefore, the government should commerce videos that show the reasons why people shouldn’t throw trash carelessly at places, and add an ending which can encourage them to protect the environment. The commercial can be cast through either television or social network. If it is possible, we suggest that the mayor in every district in Phnom Penh should hold a meeting to explain their villages clearly about this issue and how much they can help by just being more responsible and stop throwing trash carelessly. Additionally, the primary and secondary school should teach the children not to throw trash thoughtlessly, love the environment, and explain to the them the reason why we should always do this so that we can guarantee that in the next generation everyone will be a part to make the city nice and clean without flashflood accuring.
Since flash flood is a frequent disaster in Cambodia, this matter should be taken care by everyone including the government and the people. In fact, rules are already created for managing any wrongdoings and issues, but from what we can see the authority here is very lenient toward any mistake that the people make. In order to make this problem less troubling, the authority should be harsher, so that the people will not dare to commit any inconvenient acts. According to article 40 of law on waste management of urban waste confirmed that those who throw solid waste, plastic waste, and other sort of waste on the road or other public places shall be fined. If the waste is thrown around the household location, they shall be fine 20,000 riels; If they threw around the business, service, crafting, condo, residential houses location, they shall be fined 150,000 riels, and 400,000 riels if the wastes were thrown at the area around industry, company, enterprise location. As long as this rule is implemented and carried out effectively, the country might be able to prevent flash flood as accordingly.

Whenever there is heavy rain, some roads in Phnom Penh always get flashflood because of the large amount of rainfall. This is a major cause of flood in Phnom Penh due to lack of rainfall storage from lakes such as Boeung Kok. One article posted that, in January 2015, “This Lake is really important. It is the same as an underground reservoir. It absorbs the impact of rain. For this reason, it is important to keep this lake, but we can see the northern part is already filled in.” And now it is completely gone. Moreover, Boeung Samyab, Boeung Tumpun, developing areas, are also filled completely with million tons of lands, and sand to erect the building and other infrastructures instead, which blocked the streams and waterways. With this such issue, the government and public agencies must have strict regulations by stopping filling lakes and tributaries where flood water can store in. They should encourage investors to invest on the existing land instead of filling the lakes to get the land to invest on and build artificial lakes around the urban city where less people live nearby. To construct the artificial lakes are also a part of solution to decrease the amount of floodwaters. It can absorb rainy season waters or flashflood to the ground as much as possible. On the other hand, the government should build the small basins near or around the city, because these minor basins can connect to drainage systems and provide a short-term storage for floodwater. This means in an event of flooding, water drains into the basin first, and give people some time to evacuate. This solution is surely helpful to reduce the level of flooding.

Overall, Phnom Penh is currently confronting the flood disaster, which might become a setback for development in the future if the action for this catastrophe is not take place. There are several solutions that can deal with flashflood, and those solution can be both helpful and harmful; therefore, before the action is taken, the consideration on benefits and drawbacks should be present.