2
Enthusiasm for knowledge

Unlike the unavailability of the knowledge of “dark”
medieval times, Enlightenment era has brought in a new stream of information.
Due to the fact that scientific explanation were no longer considered to be
heretic, fields of many branches such as mathematics, physics, astronomy,
politics, medicine etc. were being drastically changed by gaining information
and expanding their study subjects.

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People were only happy and demanded new information,
since it´s only in the nature of a human to be curious. The hypothesis could be
supported by the behavior of people at that time and their attitude towards the
new & unknown.

 

 

The enthusiasm, with which was the period taken, could
be seen on establishing intellectual saloons in France, philosophical
discussions that began to be held and books that started to be at the forefront.
The more resources they had, the more information could they acquire. So the
popularity of literary books was increasing as people feverishly read books and
passed them around.

            2.1 Even Rome wasn´t built in a day

However, the knowledge stream wasn´t available for
everyone. Rural citizens, many uneducated but also common people weren´t
granted a chance unless they had sufficient amount of finances. But everything
started to get better, when the Age of Enlightenment prompted the Industrial
Revolution, which offered common people jobs and new cities to live in.

 

3
Influence of Age of Enlightenment

Knowledge forms the personality and this can be even
observed on the fact that Enlightenment movement transformed the “Wild West”
into sophisticated, intelligent and self-aware civilisation. Moreover, it
inspired and helped the creation of world´s first great democracy, the United
States of America.

3.1 Abuse of the period

But not all of the followers of the movement were
supporting the democracy means. Mainly the leaders of a few chosen countries
have despised the democracy. They stated that the king appropriate for leading
the country properly has to be enlightened, reasonable and has to rule with
justice. The attributes they were describing could be simply summarized by
expression “philosopher-king”.

However, what they
truly intended was to meet with the leaders of the Enlightenment movement, who
would then help these “enlightened despots” to design laws and program by what
they would reform the system in order to build more powerful and stronger
states. To the group of leaders with this goal belonged Frederick the Great of
Prussia, Catherine the Great of Russia, Leopold II. of Tuscany and Joseph II.
of Austria.